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(Will be offered soon)
Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) is an area concerned with the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment. The goals of occupational safety and health programs include fostering a safe and healthy work environment. OSH may also protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers, and many others who might be affected by the workplace environment. In common-law jurisdictions, employers have a duty to take reasonable care for the safety of their employees. Statute law may build upon this to impose additional general duties, introduce specific duties and create government bodies with powers to regulate workplace safety issues: details of this will vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction.
In Malaysia, the Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) under the Ministry of Human Resource is responsible to ensure that the safety, health and welfare of workers in both the public and private sector is upheld. DOSH is responsible to enforce the Factories and Machinery Act 1967 and the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994.
Occupational safety and health is generally defined as the science of anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards arising in, or from, the workplace that could impair the safety, health and well-being of workers. This includes the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations. It also takes into account the possible impact on the surrounding communities and the general environment. The central focus of OSH is to assess and manage occupational risks through the application of preventive and protective measures. The topic is complex and covers many different areas of work activity. It concerns with standards that need to be adjusted frequently in line with changes in technology and evidence from systematic research regarding potential workplace risks for human health.
The maritime working environment comprises physical, electrical, ergonomic, chemical, biological, psychosocial hazards which could lead to occupational accidents, injuries and diseases. For example, shipping is perceived to be a relatively dangerous industry. Seafarers face extreme work conditions, isolations, long hours of work, rigid organizational structures, high levels of stress and fatigue. They must be able to communicate with crewmates who come from different background and language. Thus creating a language barrier. Consideration should be given to the challenges and recognized when developing a safe work system on board. Alcohol and drug abuse, violence and harassment, and infectious diseases are further potential problems.
International labour standards, national laws, regulations, codes of practice, guidelines and standards best practices provide information on the types of hazards that may be encountered on ships and relevant preventive and protective measures to ensure that the working and living environment for seafarers is as safe and healthy as possible. Certain occupational exposures are diffuse and of low intensity. Some occupational diseases that may also appear years after the first exposure. Competent authority and ship owner should take into account changes in technology and evidence from maritime research in order to facilitate continuous improvement on occupational safety and health policies especially on hazard identification, risk analysis and risk control (HIRARC). This is necessary to provide safe occupational environment for seafarers on ships. A risk assessment should be updated whenever changes are made to the job, working methods and processes, etc. These are fundamental to occupational safety and health on board ship. Continuous improvement also requires regular reviews on HIRARC when an incident or accident has occurred.
Other than shipping, the maritime environment covers the entire global supply chain; transportation and logistics of the sea, air freight and land. In another important aspect, offshore mining and activities rely heavily on OSH practices to ensure optimum productivity and high output, while promoting secured and healthy workplace environments. In short, the maritime OSH plays crucial role in both commercial value, throughout offshore and on-shore, and global sustainability.
This course was developed based on the information obtained from the industries. Based on surveys conducted prior to the development of the course, NMIT had determined the requirements that are crucial for the industries in the context of OSH. Based on those requirements, the experts in NMIT had formulated and developed this diploma program in order to meet industrial requirements.
Core subjects requirement: Occupational Safety & Health; Basic Engineering; Ergonomics; Environmental Toxicology; Biological Hazard; Industrial Safety; Industrial Hygiene; Health Risk Assessment; Quality Management: Quality Assurance ISO 14000 & ISO 18000; Hazardous Waste Management; Language skills: Business Language; MQA and management subjects’ requirement: Pengajian Malaysia; Pengajian Islam or Pengajian Moral & Etika; Entrepreneurship; Introduction to Business & Management;
Core subjects requirement: Fire Prevention Management at Workplace; Personal Protection Equipment; Workplace Accident Investigation Procedure; Marine Health, Safety, Security & Environment; Port Security & Safety Management; Port Technology & Maintenance; Port Design & Engineering; Cargo Operation Management; Environmental Shipping Construction; Shipping Risk Management; General Ship Knowledge; Elements of Maritime Law; Warehousing & Distribution; MQA and management subjects’ requirement: Curriculum (Football, Futsal, Badminton, Swimming, Basketball, Table-Tennis);
Industrial Training; Assessment The course is assessed through assignments, presentations, quiz, test (coursework), practical (sports subject), projects, field exercises, other forms of classroom participation and written examination Key Career Skills Problem Solving; Critical Thinking; Planning and Organizing; Reviewing and Evaluating; Communication; Oral Communication; Written Communication; Numeracy; Using Graphical Information; Using Number; Information and Communication Technology; Accessing Information; Providing/Creating Information; Working with Others; Projects / Work Experience
In year three our Industrial Training Unit will provide students with a chance to incorporate practical work experience directly into their course. The unit will assist students and provides support and contacts within the industry to help them find the placement. Student will be sent to port, shipping and logistics industries or any company that requires shipping and logistics management skills.